Who Is Required To Report Communicable Diseases?

What is communicable disease and example?

Some examples of the communicable disease include HIV, hepatitis A, B and C, measles, salmonella, measles and blood-borne illnesses.

Most common forms of spread include fecal-oral, food, sexual intercourse, insect bites, contact with contaminated fomites, droplets, or skin contact.[2][3][4].

What are 10 non communicable diseases?

Noncommunicable diseases kill around 40 million people each year. This is about 70 percent of all deaths worldwide….Chronic respiratory diseasechronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD)asthma.occupational lung diseases, such as black lung.pulmonary hypertension.cystic fibrosis.

What information should a communicable disease report include?

Case reports should include the name, address, diagnosis, age, gender, and date of report and onset for each patient. HIV/AIDS reporting requirements vary from other communicable disease reporting.

What government agency does a medical assistant report these communicable diseases?

The CDC reports surveillance data weekly in the Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report and annually in its Summary of Notifiable Diseases. Media coverage, driven by community and medical interest in newly emerging diseases or conditions, may also improve reporting.

What are the 10 communicable diseases?

Communicable diseasesInfluenza. Norovirus. Mumps. Tuberculosis.Pertussis. Zika virus. West Nile virus.Ebola. Chikungunya virus. Coronavirus (COVID-19)

What diseases are mandatory to report?

Diseases reportable to the CDC include:Anthrax.Arboviral diseases (diseases caused by viruses spread by mosquitoes, sandflies, ticks, etc.) such as West Nile virus, eastern and western equine encephalitis.Babesiosis.Botulism.Brucellosis.Campylobacteriosis.Chancroid.Chickenpox.More items…•

How do I report a disease to the CDC?

Contact CDCCenters for Disease Control and Prevention, 1600 Clifton Road, Atlanta, GA 30329 USA. 800-CDC-INFO | (800-232-4636) | TTY: (888) 232-6348. … Report an Emergency. Call 911 if you are experiencing an emergency that requires immediate assistance from the police, fire department, or ambulance.Other Important Contacts. … Note.

What are the 4 types of diseases?

There are four main types of disease: infectious diseases, deficiency diseases, hereditary diseases (including both genetic diseases and non-genetic hereditary diseases), and physiological diseases. Diseases can also be classified in other ways, such as communicable versus non-communicable diseases.

What is a communicable disease?

Communicable diseases, also known as infectious diseases or transmissible diseases, are illnesses that result from the infection, presence and growth of pathogenic (capable of causing disease) biologic agents in an individual human or other animal host.

What is the most communicable disease?

History’s nine most contagious diseases: Where are they now?Smallpox. Emerging in human populations around 10,000 B.C., smallpox eventually killed between 300 and 500 million people worldwide, during the 20th century alone. … Rabies. … Tuberculosis. … Leprosy. … Typhoid Fever. … Bubonic and Pneumonic Plagues. … Malaria. … HIV/AIDS.

Who is responsible for reporting communicable diseases?

Reports should be made to the local health department in the county in which the patient resides and need to be submitted within 24 hours of diagnosis. However, some diseases warrant prompt action and should be reported immediately to local health departments by phone.

WHO top 10 communicable diseases?

List of Communicable Diseases2019-nCoV.CRE.Ebola.Enterovirus D68.Flu.Hantavirus.Hepatitis A.Hepatitis B.More items…

What is communicable disease surveillance?

Communicable disease surveillance is a multi-component system that monitors and analyzes data that includes – but is not limited to – demographic, geographic, and disease/condition-specific information.

What are the impact of communicable diseases?

Communicable diseases, alone or in combination with malnutrition, account for most deaths in complex emergencies. Factors promoting disease transmission interact synergistically leading to high incidence rates of diarrhoea, respiratory infection, malaria, and measles.

What are the 4 types of pathogens?

A variety of microorganisms can cause disease. Pathogenic organisms are of five main types: viruses, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and worms. Some common pathogens in each group are listed in the column on the right. Infectious agents can grow in various body compartments, as shown schematically in Fig.