Quick Answer: What Genetic Conditions Can Cause Intellectual Disabilities Quizlet?

What is the most common genetic cause of intellectual disabilities?

Fragile X syndrome (FXS) is the most common inherited cause of intellectual disability worldwide.

It is caused by a mutation of the FMR-1 (fragile-X mental retardation) gene located on the X chromosome..

What is the major cause of intellectual disability quizlet?

What are the causes of intellectual disabilities? Genetic conditions, problems during pregnancy, problems at birth, and health problems.

What qualifies as intellectual disability?

Intellectual disability1 involves problems with general mental abilities that affect functioning in two areas: intellectual functioning (such as learning, problem solving, judgement) adaptive functioning (activities of daily life such as communication and independent living)

What are three possible causes of intellectual disabilities?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability – like Down syndrome, fetal alcohol syndrome, fragile X syndrome, genetic conditions, birth defects, and infections – happen before birth.

What are some examples of intellectual disabilities?

Intellectual Disability (ID) (formerly called mental retardation) is the most common developmental disability–nearly 6.5 million people in the United States have some level of ID….Examples of associated disabilities:Cerebral palsy.Epilepsy.Vision impairment.Hearing loss.Speech and language problems.

What is not considered a leading cause of intellectual disability?

The leading causes are Autism, Down syndrome, Fragile X syndrome, and fetal alcohol syndrome or FAS. Among these, the only preventable cause is fetal alcohol syndrome.

What is the most common type of learning disability quizlet?

Disorders of reading and written expressions are the most common learning disability.

How does intellectual disability affect everyday life?

Lack of or slow development of motor skills, language skills and self-help skills, especially when compared to peers. Failure to grow intellectually or continued infant-like behavior. Lack of curiosity. Problems keeping up in school.

What genetic conditions can cause intellectual disabilities?

The two most common genetic causes of intellectual disabilities are Down syndrome and Fragile X syndrome. Down syndrome is the most common genetic origin of intellectual disabilities (ID, formerly mental retardation). Down syndrome occurs in 1 out of every 800 births.

How does intellectual disability affect a person?

Intellectual disability (or ID) is a term used when a person has certain limitations in cognitive functioning and skills, including communication, social and self-care skills. These limitations can cause a child to develop and learn more slowly or differently than a typically developing child.

At what age can intellectual disability be diagnosed?

Intellectual disability is diagnosed before the age of 18. Most children with intellectual disabilities can learn a great deal and as adults may have partially or even fully independent lives.

What are the most common intellectual disabilities?

Some of the most common known causes of intellectual disability include fetal alcohol syndrome; genetic and chromosomal conditions, such as Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome; and certain infections during pregnancy. Children who have a sibling with autism are at a higher risk of also having autism spectrum disorder.

What are the 4 levels of an intellectual disability?

There are four levels of ID:mild.moderate.severe.profound.

How do you identify an intellectual disability?

Intellectual functioning, or IQ, is usually measured by a test called an IQ test. The average score is 100. People scoring below 70 to 75 are thought to have an intellectual disability. To measure adaptive behavior, professionals look at what a child can do in comparison to other children of his or her age.

What are the main causes of intellectual disability?

The most common causes of intellectual disability are:Genetic conditions. These include things like Down syndrome and fragile X syndrome.Problems during pregnancy. … Problems during childbirth. … Illness or injury. … None of the above.