Quick Answer: How Serious Is Encephalitis?

How fast does encephalitis progress?

Long-term outlook for viral encephalitis The severity of viral encephalitis depends on the particular virus and how quickly treatment was given.

Generally, the acute phase of the illness lasts around one or two weeks, and the symptoms either disappear quickly or subside slowly over a period of time..

What is the best treatment for encephalitis?

Encephalitis caused by certain viruses usually requires antiviral treatment….Antiviral medications commonly used to treat encephalitis include:Acyclovir (Zovirax)Ganciclovir (Cytovene)Foscarnet (Foscavir)

Can encephalitis change your personality?

Following encephalitis, some people may experience emotional and behavioural changes including low mood, anxiety, depression, frustration, aggression, impulsivity, disinhibition, and/or poor emotional regulation. Family members and carers may report that their loved ones’ personality has ‘entirely changed’.

Can you fully recover from encephalitis?

Many people who have encephalitis fully recover. The most appropriate treatment and the patient’s chance of recovery depend on the virus involved and the severity of the inflammation. In acute encephalitis, the infection directly affects the brain cells.

What are the long term effects of encephalitis?

Some people experience longer-term effects of encephalitis. Longer-term symptoms can include physical problems, memory problems, personality changes, speech problems, and epilepsy.

What is the prognosis for encephalitis?

The prognosis for a person with encephalitis varies according to the age of the patient – with the very young and very old particularly at risk – and the particular virus that caused the disease. While many people make a full recovery, in severe cases, the illness may be fatal or result in brain damage.

Can encephalitis kill you?

Encephalitis caused by HSV type 1 is rare but can result in significant brain damage or death. Other herpes viruses. These include the Epstein-Barr virus, which commonly causes infectious mononucleosis, and the varicella-zoster virus, which commonly causes chickenpox and shingles.

Is encephalitis a disability?

Encephalitis can be described as an invisible disability which affects not only one person, but the whole family. Emotional support for the whole family may be needed.

How does encephalitis enter the body?

Primary encephalitis occurs when a virus directly infects the brain and spinal cord. Secondary encephalitis occurs when an infection starts elsewhere in the body and then travels to your brain. Encephalitis is a rare yet serious disease that can be life-threatening.

What is the most common cause of encephalitis?

The most common causes of viral encephalitis are herpes simplex virus types 1 and 2, varicella zoster virus and enteroviruses, which cause gastrointestinal illness. Encephalitis can also result from certain viruses carried by mosquitoes, ticks and other insects or animals such as: West Nile virus.